Criminal Justice Employment Opportunities: Help Fight Against Enemy Dangers By Having A Criminal Justice Career

Fairly recently our country experienced a greater dependence on criminal justice and homeland safety professionals. Following September 11, 2001, increased security at federal complexes, and state level and city government agencies have established a massive surge in criminal justice and homeland security career options.

The primary job connected with homeland safety workers is to prevent enemy activities within the U.S. Created after the September 11 attacks and set up in early 2003, the Department of Homeland Security is accountable for national boundaries and transportation stability, emergency readiness, information evaluation, and national infrastructure stability.

A Threatening World Leads to Career Opportunities

Responding to the dependence on more qualified people, online and campus higher education diploma programs have attended to this requirement and currently offer criminal justice diplomas and homeland safety degrees.

The marketplace is right for individuals wanting to make a career adjustment to the challenging service of criminal justice. Criminal justice careers offer a wide spectrum of work options and the field is growing each day.

The job choices in these fields have gone up in numbers, as have their salaries. You will discover many jobs to consider with the pursuit of a criminal justice degree.

Federal Government Administration Roles

Transportation Security Administration is one – a quickly developing sector where the worker needs are growing rapidly. These kinds of employment opportunities do not need a college diploma, though having one assists in career placement.

The only solution to enhance your position in this industry however, is to possess an associate’s degree or better. As outlined by the Bureau of Labor statistics, the average beginning pay is a bit beneath $40k.

The Bureau of Diplomatic Security hires agents for U.S. law administration. These occupations definitely involve a college education. Beginning incomes are in the $32,000 range and could be as high as $46,000. The total amount may differ according to training, the type of work given, and a person’s degree of working experience.

Specifications and Pay

Law enforcement careers at the state and federal government level normally have to have a college degree. The average salary in this sector of criminal justice is somewhat more than $50,000. Local law enforcement agencies do not generally demand college diplomas; nevertheless the prospect of pay increases is seriously limited for people who have not earned one.

Criminal Justice and Technological know-how

The progress of technology used in criminal justice and homeland safety measures has even led to a niche for specially educated staff. Trained workers are important for the fight against both computer and biological risks to our nation.

In this discipline of high specialization, a college diploma is not always adequate. A candidate will need specialized instruction in addition to a higher education degree to meet the requirements for these fields. Continuing schooling is essential to earning promotions in criminal justice in addition to various other professions.

The regrettable ongoing international risks in opposition to the USA will continue to keep the growth rate of criminal justice occupations and homeland safety constant. Aided by the right training for your desired work, you will be competent to assist your local community and the country in a job of criminal justice.

Law And Order (season 3) Dvd Review

Law & Order is centered around the officials who make the New York City criminal justice system function, or as the series tagline states, where “the people are represented by two separate yet equally important groups – the police who investigate crime, and the district attorneys who prosecute the offenders”. Each episode is composed of half police/detective drama and half courtroom/attorney drama. It’s a novel concept that takes the traditional public justice dramatic series to the next logical step. Since the inception of Law & Order, such drama series have become more involved in their plotlines, providing viewers with a continuation of the traditional police drama. The Law & Order has constantly transformed over the years with only a few characters experienced longstanding roles. In the face of such high turnover, it’s a testament to the show’s longevity that it continues to the thrive…

The Law & Order (Season 3) DVD features a number of dramatic episodes including the season premiere “Skin Deep” in which the murder of a sleazy photographer is the main subject of investigation. But as the investigation proceeds, it seems more and more likely that the prime suspects are the models he often photographed… Other notable episodes from Season 3 include “Self Defense” in which the prosecution is divided when a store owner shoots two robbers and claims self-defense as justification, and “Conduct Unbecoming” in which the NYPD is forced to investigate on the closed turf of the Navy in order to solve the death of a female Naval officer during a party at a Manhattan hotel…

Below is a list of episodes included on the Law & Order (Season 3) DVD:

Episode 45 (Skin Deep) Air Date: 09-23-1992
Episode 46 (Conspiracy) Air Date: 09-30-1992
Episode 47 (Forgiveness) Air Date: 10-07-1992
Episode 48 (The Corporate Veil) Air Date: 10-14-1992
Episode 49 (Wedded Bliss) Air Date: 10-21-1992
Episode 50 (Helpless) Air Date: 11-04-1992
Episode 51 (Self Defense) Air Date: 11-11-1992
Episode 52 (Prince of Darkness) Air Date: 11-18-1992
Episode 53 (Point of View) Air Date: 11-25-1992
Episode 54 (Consultation) Air Date: 12-09-1992
Episode 55 (Extended Family) Air Date: 01-06-1993
Episode 56 (Right to Counsel) Air Date: 01-13-1993
Episode 57 (Night and Fog) Air Date: 02-03-1993
Episode 58 (Promises to Keep) Air Date: 02-10-1993
Episode 59 (Mother Love) Air Date: 02-24-1993
Episode 60 (Jurisdiction) Air Date: 03-03-1993
Episode 61 (Conduct Unbecoming) Air Date: 03-10-1993
Episode 62 (Animal Instinct) Air Date: 03-17-1993
Episode 63 (Virus) Air Date: 04-21-1993
Episode 64 (Securitate) Air Date: 05-05-1993
Episode 65 (Manhood) Air Date: 05-12-1993
Episode 66 (Benevolence) Air Date: 05-19-1993

Sample Law School Personal Statements: Getting Into W&m Law, Cornell Law, And Columbia Law

W&M (William & Mary) Law School in Virginia, Cornell Law School, and Columbia Law School in New York are institutions that have been well known to provide top-notch education in jurisprudence for future law practitioners. Many legislators and law practitioners have prided themselves in having their education from these schools, especially Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg who studied both in Cornell and Columbia. If you want to apply for these schools, here is a primer on the eligibility, application process, and the requirements that you need to pass.

Eligibility

W&M Law has three programs offered. For those who want to apply for the JD program, a bachelor’s degree from an accredited college or university is required. For those who want to get into joint degree programs, a minimum requirement of a bachelor’s degree is also required. Those who want to get into the Ll.M program or those who want to expand their knowledge of American jurisprudence can then do so even if they have obtained their legal training outside of the US so long as TOEFL score requirements are met.

Cornell Law requires applicants to at least have earned a bachelor’s degree from a four-year course. Although graduate school grades and standing will not feature in the rankings, these may be reviewed by the panel. Foreign students need to submit their school transcripts through the LSAC J.D. Credential Assembly Service (CAS).

Columbia Law is a little bit more discriminating as it requires applicants to have had a bachelor’s degree in law. A bachelor’s degree in any other field, despite being followed by a Master’s in Law, will still not suffice for eligibility. Those who have earned their law degrees through correspondence or in foreign law schools are also not accepted into Columbia Law.

Application process

The application process for W&M Law is as follows:

1) Complete an application form via the LSDAS Electronic application or through the school’s website.
2) Submit an application fee.
3) Send your academic transcripts and letters of recommendations.
4) Send your essays and a TOEFL score if applicable.

For Cornell Law:

1) Submit a completed application form through the website or through LSAC.
2) Pass two letters of recommendations, a personal statement essay, and an optional diversity essay.
3) Submit an application fee.

To get into Columbia Law:

1) Pass a completed application via the GLS Online Application.
2) Pay the application fee.
3) Submit your TOEFL, if applicable.
4) Pass personal statement essays, a resume, academic transcripts and diplomas, and letters of recommendation.

Writing the personal statement

All three schools require the applicant to submit a personal statement. Cornell suggests writing the personal statement on a topic about yourself, which can be discussed further during the interview. You can write about intellectual or personal interests and achievements, your goals and dreams or any project that you take pride in. A personal statement’s length is preferably up to two pages, double-spaced, and in a font and size that is easy on the eyes.

Sample law school personal statements can serve as guides for the format and content. Many sample law school personal statements online were done by authors who made it prestigious law schools.

Guidelines For Choosing an Online Criminal Justice Program

It does not matter whether you are fresh out of high school, trying to look for a higher position within your present career, looking for a change in your career path or you simply wish to obtain a higher level of education in your life, You have plenty of education opportunities available to you to pursue your dreams and one of the best way to do this is through online learning. However, before you start head on with this type of education, you should know a little more about this type of opportunity. Comparing the pros and cons of online learning will let you observe that it is almost similar to those for most schools. Figuring out what will be the best for you based on your personal priorities and even circumstances should be the first thing in your mind. If you always prefer face-to-face contact with your instructors to further expand your educational experience, you might not want to go a larger school or university. In this case, online learning is not suited for you, as the most contact you have with instructors and classmates is through e-mail or discussion boards. On the other hand, this lack of interaction might be of more interest to you, if you are the type of student who might be wary of first impressions or biases in class. Of course, teachers, professors and instructors are also humans, just like the rest of the population in the world. Nobody is perfect, as the saying goes. We all have our own inherent flaw that causes us to unintentionally produce biases towards people within the first time of interacting with them. Physical interaction will be pretty limited in these kind of environment, therefore, most if not all of these kinds of behaviors is limited or will not exist. This will help persons with this kind of attitude to focus on studying than interacting with his peers. Thus, the flow on information will be sterile and it will not provide an impression of a boring lecture or a teacher you do not like.

Attending online schools or programs will provide flexibility for you. It will allow you to study at your own pace without any pressure, and at whatever time of the day you would prefer the most. You can have your own breaks whenever you need them, attend to other important chores or even commitments if need arises. It is something that traditional learning will not allow you based on its nature. However, it also has its own disadvantages. In online learning, you have to manage your own time so that you can get the most out of your online learning experience, you even have to budget a set amount of time each day or week in order to get everything done, and it will force yourself to stick to that schedule as day goes by. Moreover, there might be unwanted interruptions if you are trying to learn at home that might not exist in a traditional setting. If you would feel that it cannot be helped, then online schooling is not for you, because its flexibility might be more of a disadvantage rather than an advantage.

Getting back to the topic, comparing or choosing the right online colleges or programs that you will be attending to is way different than choosing traditional colleges. When looking for traditional colleges, it will help to visit the campus that you are eyeing and take a tour or even talk to its students. It will help you in deciding which college to attend. Such is not a case when looking for prospective online colleges. However, researching and asking questions online will help you evaluate and decide which online school to attend to. What is your goal for studying? What will be your goal once you graduate? What type of online school you are looking for? What type of program or course are you planning to have? What are your learning needs? What type of schedule will suit you? These are the important questions you should consider when looking for the perfect online school and program for you. It will be the key to help you out in researching and getting information online.

As for choosing an Online Criminal Justice School that will best suit your needs and your goals in life, it would be best to start with choosing the appropriate online school, choosing the right distance learning program comes next. One of the basic things you should consider to help you save your time and energy learning about each school is to make sure that the colleges you are considering are accredited by one of the six regional accreditation agencies recognized by the US Department of Education of CHEA. This way, it will not waste your time considering unaccredited institutions where you might just waste your time and money and not even receive a real college degree. Once you have narrowed your searching pool down to all the legitimate schools to be considered, you need to establish your own set of criteria to find out what are the important things that you are looking for in a school. You should consider its affordability if you are stick on setting a budget, and if the school has the program in the field that you want to go to. If it meets your criteria, you should also consider if the school has the classes with complete flexibility, or if you have to participate in online discussions at some point of time. It is very important if the online criminal justice school that you are considering will fit your personal needs and you have to make sure that you will base on your own criteria to get the most out of the school that you are considering. You may want to consider or evaluate a school by its instructors and their qualifications. When you have a good list of these online criminal justice schools, doing your background research will be of great importance. It will make all the difference. Try going to message boards, websites, and even blogs about the schools on your list. Even though the information that you will get might be somewhat biased to promote their school, you will at least get a better idea of what their school programs are like, and what others state to be the schools’ pros and cons.

Once you decided which online criminal school you are going to attend to, the next thing would be choosing the program that will not only fit your needs, but the one that will most likely be your personal goal. You have to make sure that you will not only need that type of program, you should also consider whether you really want it to be your stepping stone in your career path. Online degrees in criminal justice have a good number of programs and specialties to choose from such as law enforcement, crime scene investigation, corrections and forensic psychology, security, and more. First will be Computer Security, and under its set of programs will include Organizational Security, Computer Forensics, Cyber Crime, Cyber Security, and more. For Corrections, there will be Corrections for women and juvenile corrections. For Forensics, there are Forensic Nursing, Forensic Psychology, Computer Forensics and other programs related to its field. Justice and Security, For Private Security and Safety, there are programs like Private Security, Public Safety Administration, Disaster Preparedness and Crisis Management. Next will be the Law Enforcement, Policing & Investigation course, which includes Law Enforcement, Fraud Examination, Policing and Criminal Investigations under its wing. As for Homeland Security, there are Homeland Security program itself and Homeland Security Administration as well. For Criminal Justice in general, it includes Criminal Justice, Fraud Examination, Global Issues, Law, Justice Administration, Public Administration, and more. And as for Crime Scene, there are programs such as Crime Analysis and Crime Scene Investigation. You have to identify which program will be suited for your needs and your wants, and then identify the field that you want to specialized yourself with.

In terms of funding, online universities tend to be cheaper than their traditional counterparts. They are a lot of scholarships and funding for criminal justice programs, grants and loans are also available, and typically worth it! You are investing in your future!

While there are many learning opportunities available online that will help you in earning a certificate and increasing your skills, there are a good number of opportunities that can simply help you enrich your personal experience. Some only pursue online education for the joy of learning, some set it as their personal goal in life. There is no such thing called as limit if you want to enrich your life or if you want to pursue your education. Thus, whether you are pursuing a degree or a training certificate, or if you only want to gain personal enrichment, it does not take thousands of dollars or even hours out of your life. Do not even hesitate to take the first great step to getting a good education. Who knows, it might be your stepping stone to success!

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/3948434

Criminal Justice Online Courses – Making it Simple

Before we go in to the depth of the subject, it is necessary to understand what is criminal justice. Criminal Justice can be defined as the study of criminal behavior and the system to control the nature of delinquent activities. Of course, the subject is very vast and dense and includes aspects of different dimensions which are to be covered over the course of studies. To make the program available to a great percentage of citizens, criminal degree online courses have been started with the only view that people would be able to study the same at their home at their own time of convenience.

This dense and intense subject of criminal law includes various topics. The most popular specialization subjects offered by different online colleges includes topics of Corrections, criminal law, Justice administration, law enforcement, legal and paralegal studies, crime scene investigation and forensic sciences. Courses in this field are provided at different levels in the associate’s, bachelors and master’s level and certain institutions also provide certificate programs. A deep knowledge of the subject along with a master’s in the same subject with specialization at a specific field will surely help an individual to even be recruited in the finest legal firms like the FBI or the CIA.

The courses provided at different colleges and universities vary but the essence of the subject still remains the same. Kaplan University is determined as the finest universities providing the highest number of degree plans in the subject and the courses provided by them are A.A.S in Criminal Justice/Corrections, M.S. in Criminal Law, B.S. in Criminal Behavior, B.S. in Criminal Justice/Computer Crime, B.S. in criminal law/Law Enforcement, A.A.S in Criminal Justice, & M.S. in Criminal/Global Issues.

University of Phoenix is known all over the nation as the finest online education house and also provides various degrees in criminal justice. American Intercontinental University is popular for its financial grant program which allows students to gain benefit and join the criminal justice online courses like B.S. in Criminal Law: Special Population and B.S. in criminal Law: Forensic Science. Colorado Technical University is also extremely famous as a great online institution which provides unique online courses in criminal law. University of Cincinnati, Everest University Online, Ashford University, Westwood University, Rasmussen College, Liberty University and Argosy University are mentioned in the top-ten list of the best colleges and universities of the nation who are providing such great degrees programs to the masses.

The recent incidents and threats of war and security issues require an in-depth knowledge of the criminal law system to deal with what is actually happening around the world and in the nation. Criminal Justice online courses will surely help the individuals to gain maximum benefit and also to know the legal system of the nation.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/3820628

African leaders in Morocco to unify stance on global warming

MARRAKESH, Morocco – African leaders met in Morocco on Wednesday on the sidelines of UN climate talks to agree a joint stance to fight global warming on the continent.
Image by 123RF
Image by 123RF
“Africa is paying a heavy price over the climate issue and is without doubt the continent worst affected,” Morocco’s King Mohammed VI told the summit attended by 20 African leaders. “These disruptions… greatly hamper Africa’s development and gravely threaten the basic rights of tens of millions of Africans,” he said.

He said the continent needed to “speak in a single voice, demand climate justice”.

France’s President Francois Hollande and UN chief Ban Ki-moon also attended the summit which took place alongside the COP22 climate change conference in Marrakesh.

Ban said Africa was at the forefront of the fight against climate change, and that 36 of the 50 countries most affected by global warming were African.

Senegal’s President Macky Sall said African countries would wait until 2020 for promised aid from developed countries to fight global warming. An agreement after last year’s climate talks in Paris provides for a green fund of $100 billion (90 billion euros) per year from 2020 to help poorer nations make the shift to clean energy.

Hollande said Wednesday’s summit would “lay the foundations” for the plan to help Africa from 2020. “France has made its commitments and will keep them, I will see to it,” he said.

African leaders have called for more funding from developed nations to cut fossil fuel emissions and take contingency measures. “Developed countries must shoulder their historical responsibility for emissions,” Djibouti’s President Ismail Omar Guelleh said on Tuesday.

The UN, too, has called for more money, especially for “adaptation” — shoring up defences against the effects of global warming.

This could mean building dykes or elevating homes as protection against rising seas, improving weather warning systems and growing climate change-resistant crops.

President Omar al-Bashir, who is wanted by the International Criminal Court on charges of war crimes and genocide during the 13-year-old conflict in Darfur, also attended. He has always denied the charges.

The summit comes amid growing opposition to the ICC among African leaders, who accuse the court of prosecuting alleged crimes in Africa while ignoring those elsewhere in the world.

Burundi, South Africa and the Gambia have all pulled out of the court’s founding treaty, the Rome statute, in recent weeks. Kenya, Namibia and Uganda have indicated they may follow suit.

On Wednesday, Russia dealt the ICC a new blow by saying it would formally withdraw its signature from the Rome statute.

Hosting the summit is a diplomatic coup for Morocco as it seeks to reassert its influence in Africa. In July, the kingdom announced it wanted to rejoin the African Union after a three-decade hiatus, and in September it lodged a formal application.

The king has since toured East Africa in a bid to woo support. After the Marrakesh talks he is due to visit Addis Ababa, where the AU is based.

Morocco pulled out of what was then called the Organisation of African Unity in 1984 in protest at the admission of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic declared by the pro-independence Polisario Front in the Western Sahara.

The move came at the height of the armed conflict between the Polisario and Morocco over the former Spanish colony.

A UN-supervised ceasefire has been in effect since 1991 but a quarter of a century of efforts for a lasting peace have yielded few results. Morocco controls all the territory’s main towns, with the Polisario confined to a narrow strip in the desert interior. Tens of thousands of Sahrawi refugees still live in camps in neighbouring Algeria.Algeria has long backed the Polisario and Morocco’s bid for AU membership has set off what is likely to be dogged diplomatic battle for influence between the North African rivals.

OntheBigScreen: Superheroes & Jackie Chan

This weekend you can see Mozart’s opera Don Giovanni live on the big screen, as well as the human-drama Alone In Berlin, the action-adventure Max Steel, crime thriller Blood Father and the action-comedy Skip Trace.
Alone In Berlin

Two-time Academy Award-winner Emma Thompson, three-time Golden Globe-nominee and Emmy Award winner Brendan Gleeson, and Golden Globe-nominee Daniel Brühl star in Alone In Berlin, a powerfully moving, true-life drama-thriller set in Second World War Berlin, directed by acclaimed actor turned filmmaker Vincent Perez, based on the international bestseller Every Man Dies Alone / Alone In Berlin by revered German novelist Hans Fallada.

The film takes place in Berlin in 1940. The city is paralysed by fear. Otto and Anna Quangel are a working class couple living in a shabby apartment block trying, like everyone else, to stay out of trouble under Nazi rule. But when their only child is killed fighting at the front, their loss drives them to an extraordinary act of resistance. They start to drop anonymous postcards all over the city attacking Hitler and his regime. If caught, it means certain execution. Soon their campaign comes to the attention of the Gestapo inspector Escherich and a murderous game of cat-and-mouse begins. But the game serves only to strengthen Otto and Anna’s sense of purpose and a renewed love for each other. Slowly their drab lives and marriage are transformed as they unite in their quiet but profound rebellion…

Over 60 years after its initial publication, Hans Fallada’s novel, written directly after the Second World War, became a worldwide bestseller. Based on a true story, the powerful and redemptive novel was described by Primo Levi as “the greatest book ever written about German resistance to the Nazis.”

Mozart’s Don Giovanni from The Met Opera Live in HD

The much-anticipated 2016/17 Live in HD season from The Metropolitan Opera in New York returns to Cinema Nouveau screens this weekend with Mozart’s magnificent Don Giovanni.

Simon Keenlyside makes his Met role debut in the title role as the unrepentant seducer in Tony Award-winner Michael Grandage’s staging of Mozart’s masterpiece, Don Giovanni. Met Principal Conductor Fabio Luisi leads the cast that also includes Hibla Gerzmava as Donna Anna, Malin Byström as Donna Elvira, Serena Malfi as Zerlina, Adam Plachetka as Leporello, Matthew Rose as Masetto, Kwangchul Youn as the Commendatore, and Rolando Villazón in his Live in HD debut as Don Ottavio.

Mozart, aided by his ingenious librettist, Lorenzo Da Ponte, approached his operatic retelling of the Don Juan myth from a point of view that is neither tragic nor entirely comic, but rather lighthearted, urbane and iconic.

Over the course of a night, a day and another night, we follow the title character, Don Giovanni, and his earthy sidekick, Leporello, through a series of encounters that begins with a fatal duet, moves back and forth between the humorous and the sentimental, and ends with the protagonist being dragged down to hell by a vengeful, ghostly reincarnation of the Commendatore. Buoyed by Mozart’s nuanced and insightful score, the opera still rings with psychological truth after more than two centuries. This production places the action in an unnamed Spanish city in the mid-18th century.

There’s an exciting intermission feature, hosted by Joyce DiDonato, who interviews Simon Keenlyside, Hibla Gerzmava, Malin Byström, Paul Appleby, Adam Plachetka, Serena Malfi and Matthew Rose.

Max Steel

Filled with high-octane action, Max Steel is a riveting coming-of-age story that will be identifiable for audiences worldwide. This live action feature-length origin story combines identifiable characters, familiar terrestrial settings and innovative use of technology to create a realistic re-interpretation of the traditional superhero film.

Teenager Max McGrath (Ben Winchell) and his mother have recently moved back to Copper Canyon, the town where Max was born and his scientist father died under mysterious circumstances. Adjusting to a new school is not easy for Max, and becomes even more complicated when his body starts to generate strange energy flare-ups that he can’t control. This unpredictable power surge grows too intense for Max to handle and he is forced to distance himself from those around him, including his new friend, Sofia. On the brink of fatal combustion, Max is rescued by Steel, a techno-organic extraterrestrial who has been secretly monitoring his progress. The two discover that when joined together they can control the energy and harness it into superhuman strength – but when apart, neither can survive.

As these unlikely friends learn to accept their connected fates, they begin to uncover secrets surrounding the death of Max’s father and, digging deeper, find themselves hunted by an unforeseen enemy bent on capturing Max and Steel for a sinister agenda of destruction. Uncertain who to trust, the two will have to work together to uncover the truth and find a way to defeat the mysterious force threatening their world.

The highly anticipated live action origin story of Max Steel, based on the popular Mattel franchise property of the same name, was written by Marvel vet Christopher L. Yost and was directed by award-winning director Stewart Hendler.

Blood Father

Mel Gibson plays an ex-con who reunites with his estranged wayward 16-year old daughter (Erin Moriarty) to protect her from drug dealers who are trying to kill her. They go on the run from her drug-dealing boyfriend (Diego Luna) and his vicious cartel. This French action thriller was directed by Jean-François Richet, written by Peter Craig based on his novel of the same name

African leaders in Morocco to unify stance on global warming

African leaders met in Morocco on Wednesday, 16 November, on the sidelines of UN climate talks to agree on a joint stance to fight global warming on the continent.
African leaders in Morocco to unify stance on global warming
© svetlana485 – za.fotolia.com
“Africa is paying a heavy price over the climate issue and is without doubt the continent worst affected,” Morocco’s King Mohammed VI told the summit attended by 20 African leaders.

“These disruptions… greatly hamper Africa’s development and gravely threaten the basic rights of tens of millions of Africans,” he said.

He said the continent needed to “speak in a single voice, demand climate justice”.

France’s President Francois Hollande and UN chief Ban Ki-moon also attended the summit which took place alongside the COP22 climate change conference in Marrakesh.

Ban said Africa was at the forefront of the fight against climate change, and that 36 of the 50 countries most affected by global warming were African.

Senegal’s President Macky Sall said African countries would wait until 2020 for promised aid from developed countries to fight global warming.

An agreement after last year’s climate talks in Paris provides for a green fund of $100bn (€90bn) per year from 2020 to help poorer nations make the shift to clean energy.

Hollande said Wednesday’s summit would “lay the foundations” for the plan to help Africa from 2020.

“France has made its commitments and will keep them, I will see to it,” he said.

African leaders have called for more funding from developed nations to cut fossil fuel emissions and take contingency measures.

“Developed countries must shoulder their historical responsibility for emissions,” Djibouti’s President Ismail Omar Guelleh said on Tuesday.

The UN, too, has called for more money, especially for “adaptation” – shoring up defences against the effects of global warming.

This could mean building dykes or elevating homes as protection against rising seas, improving weather warning systems and growing climate change-resistant crops.

President Omar al-Bashir, who is wanted by the International Criminal Court on charges of war crimes and genocide during the 13-year-old conflict in Darfur, also attended.

He has always denied the charges.

The summit comes amid growing opposition to the ICC among African leaders, who accuse the court of prosecuting alleged crimes in Africa while ignoring those elsewhere in the world.

Burundi, South Africa and the Gambia have all pulled out of the court’s founding treaty, the Rome statute, in recent weeks.

Kenya, Namibia and Uganda have indicated they may follow suit.

On Wednesday, Russia dealt the ICC a new blow by saying it would formally withdraw its signature from the Rome statute.

Hosting the summit is a diplomatic coup for Morocco as it seeks to reassert its influence in Africa.

In July, the kingdom announced it wanted to rejoin the African Union after a three-decade hiatus, and in September it lodged a formal application.

The king has since toured east Africa in a bid to woo support. After the Marrakesh talks he is due to visit Addis Ababa, where the AU is based.

Morocco pulled out of what was then called the Organisation of African Unity in 1984 in protest at the admission of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic declared by the pro-independence Polisario Front in the Western Sahara.

The move came at the height of the armed conflict between the Polisario and Morocco over the former Spanish colony.

A UN-supervised ceasefire has been in effect since 1991 but a quarter of a century of efforts for a lasting peace have yielded few results.

Morocco controls all the territory’s main towns, with the Polisario confined to a narrow strip in the desert interior.

Tens of thousands of Sahrawi refugees still live in camps in neighbouring Algeria.

Algeria has long backed the Polisario and Morocco’s bid for AU membership has set off what is likely to be dogged diplomatic battle for influence between the North African rivals.

Certificates In Criminal Justice And Why You Should Get One

Certificates in general give you a fast and quick way to get into any profession or help you specialize in your current profession. You can get a certificate in the numerous criminal justice professions. There are two types of certificate one can get. One is an entry level certificate. This certificate allows you to get entry level positions in your profession. The other certificate is a professional certificate. This certificate is for those already in a profession that want to specialize in certain area of the profession. This is more like continuing education for the professional. The easiest way to explain this is through the examples presented below. One example is someone who gets an entry level certificate in paralegal studies. This certificate allows you to get entry level job as a legal assistant in law firms or law department of organizations. On the other hand, a professional in the criminal justice field can get a certificate in paralegal studies. This certificate is a form of professional studies that helps keep them current in the profession. It also helps him or her get more specialized training as paralegal. The hope is that such specialization will help in career advancement. Another example is someone who gets an entry level certificate in law enforcement. This certificate will enable the person get entry level position in police departments or other law enforcement organizations. On the other hand, a law enforcement professional can get a certificate to help him or her specialize in an area of law enforcement. It could a certificate that helps him or her perform better as an investigator. This type of law enforcement certificate will strictly focus on investigative skills. The person doing this is again hoping this certificate will help their career advancement. A final example is an entry level certificate in homeland security. This person will acquire the skills to handle basic homeland security duties. The person will be employed by local, state, or federal homeland security organizations. On the other hand, a homeland security specialist can get certificate in homeland security that helps him or her perform their job better. This type of certificate could be in the area of counter terrorism. This will keep them in the cutting edge of counter terrorism and help him or her stay ahead of terrorists. Again, the idea here is to keep them relevant in the profession, with the hope that this relevancy will help their career advancement. Any way you look at it, a certificate in criminal justice can only help the individual that acquires it. An entry level one helps one get a job and a foot in the door of the profession. This foot in the door leads to paychecks. A professional certificate helps one specialize. This specialization leads to career advancement and more money. I have only given a few examples of certificates in criminal justice. There are a lot more. Covering all of them is beyond what I can do in this short article. If you are interested in seeing more examples, I urge you to do more reading on it. You can do this by visiting websites that deal with the subject in more detail. Note: You are free to reprint or republish this article. The only condition is that the Resource Box should be included and the links are live links. Published at: https://www.isnare.com/?aid=215720&ca=Education

Malpractice – Provide Justice To Yourself

The term malpractice in general refers to any type of corrupt, illegal or careless behavior in a profession. When a skilled and experienced professional rendering responsible services fails to perform his professional services, thereby causing serious loss or damage to the service takers, then these instances are called malpractices. However, malpractice can occur in the field of medicines, laws, education and others. Laws of malpractice The laws of malpractice suggest that before the affected service taker will start proceeding to sue the professional, he must consult the professional and make him know the area of his guilt, his lack of care and the injury he has caused to the client. After the consultation is over, the client must come under the purview of State organizations and other public agencies that conducts disciplinary functions. These organizations, if needed, will impose fines, suspensions, penalties and even revocation of services. Medical malpractice Medical malpractice is one of the common malpractices that are occurs almost everyday. It is a suit issued by the client or patient against the practitioner for causing injury, damage or loss due to negligent treatments. So the doctors, nurses and the hospital technicians are brought to the forefront by the patients and put forward for inquiry of their services. A lawsuit or medical malpractice warranty is issued against a doctor only when he is found seriously guilty of causing damage or injury to the patient due to his lack of concentration or wrong diagnosis and treatments. It is advisable that the medical practitioner should sign on an agreement of the type of treatment and procedures he wishes to apply on the patient. In case he fails or shows his lack of diligence, then the patient can bring charges against him/her. Legal malpractice It stands for unethical practices in providing the expected standard of service by the attorney. It occurs when the practitioner who is supposed to provide legal advises neglects and causes damage to the client in the process. But the client has to prove the extent of the damage and that fact that he/she has lost the case due to the negligence of the attorney. The client can then bring the case to the Bar Association, which will take necessary actions against malpractices. Dental malpractice Malpractices provided by dental health care professionals are called dental malpractices. Dentists and oral surgeons are expected to provide a decent standard of care to the patients. When the dental professionals inflict injury, damage, loss and negligence on the patients, then he has the right to question the malpractice and register a complaint against the practitioners. Veterinary Malpractice This includes cases filed against veterinarians for providing negligent treatment towards animals. For example if a pet bird is ignored by the veterinarian from providing the right vaccination that it needs and the bird’s standards start deteriorating, then the veterinarian is supposed to have committed malpractices. Checks on various cases will definitely prevent malpractices. Published at: https://www.isnare.com/?aid=45343&ca=Legal